Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 03/15/2021

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Sierra Tucson to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, there are certain restrictions in place regarding on-site visitation at Sierra Tucson.

  • These restrictions have been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff receives ongoing infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance is provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Signs & Symptoms of PTSD

Sierra Tucson – Ranked #1 in Newsweek’s list of Best Addiction Treatment Centers in Arizona for 2020!

Sierra Tucson offers effective, comprehensive treatment for individuals struggling with addiction and mental health concerns. Learn more about the signs and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Understanding PTSD

Learn about posttraumatic stress disorder

The manner in which an individual copes with trauma can vary person-to-person. Some people are able to successfully cope with the resulting stress that is known to take place after experiencing a trauma, however, there are some individuals who are unable to manage their distress in a healthy way. After a person experiences, learns about, or witnesses a trauma and experiences a great deal of turmoil as a result, it is likely that that individual is struggling with the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Also known as PTSD, this mental health condition can cause a person to feel as though he or she is re-experiencing the trauma. Furthermore, these individuals tend to go to great lengths to avoid certain people, places, or things reminiscent of the trauma, and may respond with heightened and anxiety-driven responses to even mundane triggers. Sufferers of this illness are known to experience worsening symptoms if treatment is not sought and could develop additional mental health concerns over time. Additionally, individuals grappling with PTSD symptoms are more likely to abuse substances and develop ideations of suicide should this disorder remain present in their lives. If you or a loved one display symptoms synonymous with this condition after experiencing a trauma, it is imperative that mental healthcare is implemented so as to prevent further harm from occurring.


PTSD statistics

Post-traumatic stress disorder affects an estimated 5 million people in the United States. Among those individuals, more women are believed to meet diagnostic criteria for this disorder when compared to men. However, trauma experts, mental health professionals, and researchers agree that it is likely that more men are currently suffering from PTSD and do not seek treatment for this disorder.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for PTSD

There are some contributing causes and risk factors that can make an individual more susceptible to developing PTSD after enduring a trauma. Mental health professionals and trauma experts agree on the following notions, of which could explain why some individuals experience the onset of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and others do not:

Genetic: While the development of posttraumatic stress disorder is not heavily rooted in one’s genetics, researchers do believe that a person’s genes do play a role in the onset of PTSD symptoms. Individuals with a family history of anxiety disorders, for example, have a greater risk for development this illness, as these individuals may respond to trauma more severely than others without such a history. Because of this finding, it can be concluded that genetics can play a role in the onset of posttraumatic stress disorder for some people.

Environmental: Because the onset of PTSD is reliant on experiencing, witnessing, or learning about a trauma in one’s environment, environmental influences play a large role in the development of this mental health condition. Additionally, there is an increased likelihood that an individual will develop this disorder if he or she experiences elevated levels of stress or chaos prior to a traumatic event.

Risk Factors:

  • Family history of anxiety disorders
  • Being female
  • Preexisting anxiety disorder or other mental health condition
  • Having an inadequate support system
  • Lack of appropriate and healthy coping skills
  • Exposure to trauma, abuse, neglect, and/or violence
  • Experiencing chronic stress
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of PTSD

Mental health treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder can significantly reduce the presence and impact of symptoms in a person’s life. Separated into three different categories, including re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyper arousal, the following symptoms are those that could be present in an individual that is struggling with PTSD:

Re-experiencing symptoms:

  • Intrusive memories about the trauma
  • Physiological reactions when reminded of the trauma (e.g. sweating, labored breathing, increased heart rate)
  • Recurring nightmares
  • Flashbacks that make an individual feel as if the trauma is happening again

Avoidance symptoms:

  • Feeling hopeless about the future
  • Declined interest in things or activities that were once enjoyed
  • Inability to remember details about the trauma
  • Avoiding people, places, or situation that are reminiscent of the trauma
  • Feeling detached from the world around

Hyperarousal symptoms:

  • Ongoing concerns about impending doom
  • Feeling on edge
  • Experiencing angry outbursts
  • Having an exaggerated startle response
  • Poor concentration
  • Inability to sleep

Effects of PTSD

The presence of PTSD in a person’s life can cause a great deal of devastation. An individual’s work, family, and social lives are known to be adversely effected. Additionally, a person’s mental and physical health can be negatively affected when symptoms of this condition remain untreated. The listed effects are those that can occur and, conversely, be avoided if appropriate care is sought and implemented:

  • Loss of employment
  • Social withdrawal or isolation
  • Impaired occupational functioning
  • Development of another mental health condition
  • Family discord
  • Decline in quality and quantity of interpersonal relationships
  • Chronic pain
  • Development of a substance abuse problem
  • Suicidal ideations
  • Self-harming behaviors
  • Suicide attempts
Co-Occurring Disorders

PTSD and co-occurring disorders

Many sufferers of post-traumatic stress disorder grapple with the symptoms of another mental health condition at the same time. For some, PTSD symptoms can trigger the onset of another mental illness, while other individuals suffer from a mental health condition prior to a trauma and sequentially experience more intense symptoms of their preexisting mental illness or illnesses following the trauma. Below are the mental health conditions that commonly co-occur in those suffering from post traumatic stress disorder:

  • Panic disorder
  • Substance use disorders
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Specific phobias
  • Depressive disorders

I can find only one way to convey my life-saving and life-changing experience at Sierra Tucson: When I visualize myself back in the warm sun and the completely safe, nurturing environment, tears always come to my eyes. Thank you.

– Anonymous Client
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These accreditations are an official recognition of our dedication to providing treatment that exceeds the standards and best practices of quality care.
  • Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA)
  • GeneSight
  • National Association of Addiction Treatment Providers (NAATP)
  • National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems (NAPHS)
  • Neurostar
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval